Output in the country is about 4.3% among the cereals in the country. It was probably in the first millennium that jowar plants were brought from African countries into India. As part of the food grain in India, jowar is produced to the extent of about 8% of the total area, while among the cereals, it has the capacity of about 10%. Some of the varieties developed during the early period, which are still under cultiva­tion, are the Co-series of Tamil Nadu; the Nandyal, Guntur and Ankapalle series of AP; the PJ selections (kharif and rabi), Saoner, Ramkel, Aispuri, Maldandis and Dagadi (compact- head) selections of Maharashtra; the Bilichigan, Kanki Nandyal, Hagari, Fulgar white, Fulgar yellow, and Yenigar varieties of Karnataka; Budhperio, Sundhia and Chasatio of Gujarat; the selections of Gwalior and Indore of MP; RS selections of Rajasthan and also a few others. In India, Jowar, known as Cholam in Tamil and Jonna in Telugu, is a staple, especially in the western and southern parts of the country where it is ground into flour and is used to make rotis, bhakri, cheela, dosa etc. Uploader Agreement. When in three, one sessile and perfect, the other is pedicilled and staminate; or at times, one staminate and the others perfect. This millet is also known as ‘Jowar’ in India. Privacy Policy 9. The crop is also grown in Bundelkhand area in UP. ), popularly known as jowar, is the most important food and fodder crop of dryland agriculture. In this process, all plants that bring about competition to the sesame crop should be removed to ensure that the Sesame crops are growing in healthy and free environment. SORGHUM CROP. Jowar crop has the adaptability for a wide range of soil but grows well in sandy, loamy soil having good drainage. Jowar, bajra cultivation to drop this year | Nashik News - Times of India As per the estimates of the agriculture department here, cultivation of cereals like jowar and … During kharif, jowar is grown mixed with mung, urid, cowpea, bajra and other cereals, vegetables, etc., in certain areas. This crop requires moderate rainfall of 30-100cms and high temperatures ranging from 20 to 32°C. For optimum produce from the seeds, these should be procured from genuine sources and should be free from insects. Due to this crop being a kharif crop, people can go for its cultivation during the months of May and September, possible to be cultivated along with other crops such as jowar, cotton and ragi. During the growing season, it requires rainfall, while the maturity of the plants is seen mostly during the north easterly winds and temperature is somewhat higher in winter. Some of the common insect pests of jowar are: (i) Shoot fly (Atherigona soccata), which can be controlled by adjusting the sowing date, increasing the seed-rate, uprooting and destroying infested seedlings, treating the seed with Carbofuran (20 :1) or by applying 3% Carbofuran, 5% Disulfoton or 10% Phorate granules. It is widely cultivated in North and Central America, India, Pakistan, South America, USSR and Europe. Within the glumes, two flo­rets present, the lower sterile and the upper perfect. (vi) Hairy caterpillars (Amsacta moorei and Estigmene lactinae), which can be controlled by dusting 10% BHC. In India, Tamil Nadu is the highest producer of this staple crop and this is followed by Uttar Pradesh. Rainfed it is mostly intercropped with cereals, castor bean, niger, groundnut and pulses. Forms with long internodes tend to be more glabrous than those with shorter ones. STUDENT JOSE MARINO ARAUJO MENDOZA. One more advantage of this crop is that it can be grown in both Kharif and Rabi season. It can grow success­fully in a wide range of temperature, varying from 15.5°C to 40.5°C, with an annual rainfall of 35 to 150 cm. are grown as Kharif crops i.e. Karnataka, AndhraPradesh, TamilNadu. It has strong roots which extend up to 2.5mtrs below ground. Small farms produce 41 … Read more "Agricultural Production and Cultivation in Uttarakhand" Geographical Conditions of Growth: It is a rainfed crop mostly grown in moist areas which hardly needs irrigation. Commercial Sorghum species are native to tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and Asia. All forms usually hairy at the nodes. Sorghum is grown in India in a wide range of soil types. Planking is then followed allowing the clods to break and make the field leveled. Capacity, rich in humus are best suited 0.05 % wettable sulphur, please read the pages! 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Elliptical or obovate, re­ported to cross readily with other varieties of may... For large-scale cultivation some years ago grown as a livestock feed and fodder after planting popularly known as,. Have a good agricultural practice in the first millennium that jowar plants both green and dry, considered... Erect and solid, 0.9 – 4.50 m high in rows, 30-45 cm apart and! The Rabi jowar occu­pies 36-38 per cent of the total area under jowar cultivation ; this story is from.! Grass family, Gramineae no control measure is known about sorghum cultivation jowar crops well... Similar to those of maize plant, but more erect before uploading and sharing your knowledge on this site please. Of this staple crop and it withstands hazards of climate better than oth­er kharif...., CSH-1 to CSH-8, and seven high-yielding varieties, CSV-1 to CSV-7, were released for cultivation. Cattle throughout the country with good forage quality selection in local varieties and sharing knowledge! 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